All the Signs, Symptoms, Triggers and Treatments of Hypo and Hyperthyroidism

The thyroid gland plays an important role in your body, and the thyroid hormone regulates your metabolism and energy.

But, thyroid issues are pretty common. These issues are usually caused by either low or high thyroid activity. Health experts call these hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism.


You have to be aware of the dangers of both issues and their symptoms. Prevention is always the best cure. Statistics shows that 1 out of 20 people will deal with thyroid issues at some point in their life. Experts agree that women are more susceptible.

Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism

Both issues are caused by imbalanced production of the thyroid hormone, and both ailments are bad.

Hypothyroidism is a condition that involves low levels of thyroid hormone. It is accompanied with numerous symptoms including cramps, muscle pain, dry skin, poor concentration, excess fluid in tissues, hair thinning, tiredness, and sensitivity to low temperatures.

Hyperthyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland is overproductive. It causes rapid heart rate, diarrhea, irritation, anxiety, sudden weight loss, sleep disorders, nervousness, and sensitivity to high temperatures.

You can easily spot an overworking thyroid gland, as the individual has a large lump. In the world of medicine it’s known as goiter.

These health issues are largely controlled by your lifestyle habits.

Here are the most common causes of this condition:

  • Iodine deficiency
  • Toxic buildups
  • Metal buildups
  • Chronic stress

Toxic adenomas, thyroiditis and Graves’ disease can lead to hyperthyroidism. Hypothyroidism is caused by overexposure to iodine or lithium, thyroid removal, or Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.

Prevention and treatment tips

  1. Healthy nutrition

Your eating habits have an important role in the treatment of both issues. Avoid sugar, processed foods, and refined flour. Consider increasing the intake of iodine, zinc, omega-3 fats, and selenium. These are important for your health.

  1. Physical activity

Exercise more often to balance your thyroid hormone levels.

  1. Stress management

Chronic stress exhausts the adrenal, and causes thyroid issues. Relax your body and mind, and learn how to manage your stress. Try meditation, yoga, walks in nature, breathing techniques, etc. these will help you deal with the tension, and soothe your mind.

  1. Heat therapy

Heat therapies and sauna sessions will detoxify your body, and flush out toxins. This will help you treat your thyroid problems.

  1. Nutritional supplements

Consult your doctor or a holistic practitioner before you try any of the alternative therapies. There’re many ways to support your thyroid metabolism.

  1. Thyroid hormones

Your doctor can give you advices on any thyroid hormone replacement therapy. This will help you get your thyroid hormones in order.

  1. Prevent thyroid issues

Avoid stressful situations, treat your allergies, and do something about your nutritional deficiencies. Try to avoid dairy and gluten, because these lead to digestive distress.